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June 11 2015

The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think

positivemotivation:

One of the ways this theory was first established is through rat experiments – ones that were injected into the American psyche in the 1980s, in a famous advert by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America. You may remember it. The experiment is simple. Put a rat in a cage, alone, with two water bottles. One is just water. The other is water laced with heroin or cocaine. Almost every time you run this experiment, the rat will become obsessed with the drugged water, and keep coming back for more and more, until it kills itself.

The advert explains: “Only one drug is so addictive, nine out of ten laboratory rats will use it. And use it. And use it. Until dead. It’s called cocaine. And it can do the same thing to you.”

But in the 1970s, a professor of Psychology in Vancouver called Bruce Alexander noticed something odd about this experiment. The rat is put in the cage all alone. It has nothing to do but take the drugs. What would happen, he wondered, if we tried this differently? So Professor Alexander built Rat Park. It is a lush cage where the rats would have colored balls and the best rat-food and tunnels to scamper down and plenty of friends: everything a rat about town could want. What, Alexander wanted to know, will happen then?

In Rat Park, all the rats obviously tried both water bottles, because they didn’t know what was in them. But what happened next was startling.

The rats with good lives didn’t like the drugged water. They mostly shunned it, consuming less than a quarter of the drugs the isolated rats used. None of them died. While all the rats who were alone and unhappy became heavy users, none of the rats who had a happy environment did.

Yep. Addiction starts and ends with pain. Portugal and Spain proved this when they classified drug use as a medical condition and not a crime.

And any recovered addict will tell you this.
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laurenlafemme:

sirewordplayj:

theabfresh:

allakinwande:

We stand with Baltimore.

We stand with Ferguson.

We stand with New York

We Stand with McKinney

smidgetz:

True hell is the comment section after a racist incident has taken place.

June 10 2015

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saltwaterliving:

what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do what do I do

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Mahi Mahi patties from Trader Joe’s get the thumbs up! #boston #food

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seekingwillow:

shaqp:

this is real

___

It’s missing the blue backpack turning around with a patronising caption going. “What’s taking you so long? “ or “Affirmative Action lied to you.” Or some other bullshit.

June 09 2015

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secretbiboy:

Shots have been fired

A healthy relationship is one where two independent people just make a deal that they will help make the other person be the best version of themselves.
— (via restlesswandering)
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coketalk:

Could someone please identify and arrest the racist garbage monster who kicked off the McKinney incident by assaulting this innocent child?

Oh, wait. I’m sorry. The cops are too busy circling their wagons after one of them used excessive force on these kids at a damn pool party, pointing his gun at a group of unarmed boys and throwing a fourteen year old girl to the ground by her hair.

Fuck the police, and while we’re at it, fuck all the white people in Texas.

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aquaticspacepussy:

#embezzling

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commongayboy:

🐸☕️

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Natural beauty #boston #naturalhair

June 08 2015

You cannot call a society which has 3.5 million homeless and 18.5 million vacant homes civil. That's violent and morally bankrupt.

To define is to limit.
— Oscar Wilde (via psych-facts)
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